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New Deny of the extremely earliest Babylonian Dynasty

New Deny of the extremely earliest Babylonian Dynasty

16 décembre 2022
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New Deny of the extremely earliest Babylonian Dynasty

Even after Hammurabi’s particular army achievements, southern area Mesopotamia didn’t come with sheer, defensible limits, and this managed to get vulnerable to attack. Following death of Hammurabi, the kingdom began to disintegrate easily. Lower than its substitute for Samsu-iluna (1749-1712 BCE), new much southern off Mesopotamia was forgotten in order to a location Akkadian king, titled Ilum-ma-ili, and you can became this new Sealand Dynasty; they stayed without Babylon for the next 272 many years.

Both Babylonians and their Amorite rulers was a student in reality determined off Assyria toward northern by a passionate Assyrian-Akkadian governor called Puzur-Sin, c. 1740 BCE. Amorite laws endured when you look at the a much-quicker Babylon, Samshu-iluna’s replacement for, Abi-Eshuh, produced an excellent vain you will need to recapture the new Sealand Dynasty to own Babylon, however, found overcome down to king Damqi-ilishu II. Towards the end off their rule, Babylonia had shrunk towards smaller than average apparently weakened nation they is through to the legs.

Hammurabi’s Code

This new Code away from Hammurabi is a collection of 282 laws and regulations, written in c. 1754 BCE into the Babylon, hence worried about contracts and you may family members relationship, presenting an assumption out-out of innocence and you can presentation away from evidence.

The newest Code out-of Hammurabi is amongst the oldest deciphered site out-out of duration around the world, offering a code out-out-of guidelines off old Babylon when you look at the Mesopotamia. Written in out-of 1754 BCE about 6th king out-of Babylon, Hammurabi, the Password are made towards the stone stele while commonly clay pills. They consisted of 282 regulations, that have punishments you to ranged centered on social status (submissives, 100 % free people, and you may homeowners). It’s most really-known towards the “a closer look delivering an eye fixed, a tooth to own an enamel” (lex talionis) form of punishment. Other forms away-out-of regulations from regulations is just about on the spot up to so it time, including the Code away from Ur-Nammu, queen off Ur (c. 2050 BCE), the new Guidelines from Eshnunna (c. 1930 BCE) in addition to codex off Lipit-Ishtar from Isin (c. 1870 BCE).

A third of your own code concerned about family and you can household members affairs, also family genes, split up, paternity and sexual decisions

The regulations were establish for the groups, in order for citizens can potentially see the material which was expected of these. Particular have seen the new Password because an early version of constitutional bodies, so that as an early on form of the fresh new assumption away-of love, plus the power to introduce search https://besthookupwebsites.org/nl/altcom-overzicht/ from inside the your needs. Purpose is are not recognized and you will impacted punishment, which have overlook certainly penalized. A few of the specifications murabi’s decisions, for the true purpose of find-glorification. Nonetheless, the newest Password is basically read, copied, making access to once the an item having judge reason for at least 1500 years immediately after.

This new prologue of Password has actually Hammurabi proclaiming that he wishes “and also make fairness apparent out-of residential property, in order to wreck the new wicked private and you will bad-doer, their good will most likely not harm the fresh weak.” Big regulations safe out of Password is actually slander, trading, bondage, the fresh new standards away from masters, thieves, accountability, and you may divorce proceedings. Almost half the fresh password concerned with agreements, eg earnings to locate reduced, regards to commands, and you will obligation if there’s property wreck. One part kits that a legal whom improperly refers to an topic may be taken from their status forever. A number of sections address armed forces solution.

Probably one of the most very-understood chapters of the newest Code are regulations #196: “In the event that one wreck the interest of some other boy, it has to ruin its vision. If a person broke up an effective man’s skeleton, they need to split the limbs. If an individual damage the eye away-of a good freeman or break the bones off a good freeman the guy pays one silver mina. If one destroy the attention out-out-of a people’s servant otherwise split a bone tissue away from a great people’s slave the guy will spend that definitely-1 / dos of their rates.”

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